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2018年10月27&28日托福考试预测机经汇总(版本合集!)

本周末将迎来本月最后两场托福测验 ,信任 列位 考生已经做好了充足 的预备 。临考前来看看两场测验 的猜测 机经,缓解一下重要 的心境 吧。以下是两场测验 猜测 机经汇总。

本周末将迎来本月最后两场托福测验 ,信任 列位 考生已经做好了充足 的预备 。临考前来看看两场测验 的猜测 机经,缓解一下重要 的心境 吧。以下是两场测验 猜测 机经汇总。

听力部门

{版本1}

对话一:

女生在学微积分,然后发明 很难,然后找了tutor help。先生 说tutor很紧缺的。女生又说我如今 这个tutor欠好 ,刚上课的内容我全都懂的。先生 说明 到:因为每个tutor都有本身 的expertise。然后给了学生两个解决计划 。一是参加 同班其余 study group。如许 可以一路 评论辩论 问题。第二个解决计划 是去help room,那边 一向 是open的所以时光 很便利 。然则 缺陷 是有可能会wait其余 同窗 以及不克不及 一对一指点 。

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对话二:

学生要做一个申报 ,然后须要 做一个survey。然则 学生不知道若何 做survey。或者说 how to select people。传授 说起首 要确保样本具有代表性。举了个例子,并且 考到了,就是 葡萄干蛋糕。假如 你做葡萄干蛋糕,然后你把所有葡萄干都放在一边,然后切了另一边的蛋糕。那吃另一边蛋糕的人确定 不会认为 这个是葡萄干蛋糕。所以说拔取 样本的时刻 必定 要涵盖全镇的人。学生说可以用打德律风 的方法 去做这个查询拜访 ,写邮件许多 人可能基本 不会回你。那若何 打德律风 ,能打给全镇的人呢?传授 举了个例子,说他们家德律风 的区号是256,所以你只须要 打分歧 区号的德律风 可以接洽 到全部 镇的人。

讲座一:

文学

一个是autobiography,另一个是memoir。讲了自传的界说 后传授 开端 重点讲了回想 录。差异 在于:前者比拟 客不雅 ,后者比拟 主不雅 ,举例VA,她有一本回想 录就仅仅记载 了她的母亲,差不多就是环绕 这个主题。

讲座二:

情况

和global warming 进行类比比拟 。接着,文章说明 global dimming导致温度下降 对原因:年夜 气和space中存在的小颗粒可以将阳光反射归去 ,从而导致降温,而这些小颗粒则是由天然 和工资 两方面身分 配合 发生 ,如火山灰、燃烧所发生 的灰烬;最后,文章还到某个a开首 的症结 词会对云的数目 发生 影响。

讲座三:

文学

本篇文章重要 介绍一个科幻小说作家的阅历 。该作家因博览全书而拥有极其普遍 的常识 面,故其书中的技巧 情节描述 十分活泼 ,让人感到 仿佛已在日常生涯 中获得 实现。然则 这个作家起先 比拟 消极 ,对将来 并没有许多 信念 ,直到碰到 一个伯乐出书 商,其对生涯 的立场 才开端 变得积极起来。

{版本2}

10月27日

标题

1. Why does the student go to see the professor?

A. To find out why the mining industry in the western United States declined in the 1800s

B. To find out how to improve the first draft of a paper she is writing

C. To ask the professor to recommend sources of information for a research paper

D. To get advice about a possible topic for a research paper

2. What aspect of the history of Park City, Utah, interests the student?

A. The reasons Park City went through periods of economic hardship and success

B. The reasons Park City became a destination popular among skiers

C. How Park City became the main source of silver in the United States

D. Why Park City recovered from a national recession more quickly than other towns did

3. What does the professor say were two important factors in the decline in silver mining in Park City, Utah? Click on 2 answers.

A. The increasing cost of extracting silver

B. A decline in the price being paid for silver

C. The higher wages being paid to miners in other places

D. A national downturn in economic activity

4. Why does the professor mention the town of Bodie, California?

A. To emphasize the economic problems in the mining industry during the early 1900s

B. To illustrate the wide appeal of skiing in the United States in the early 1900s

C. To give an example of a former mining town that survived without becoming a ski resort

D. To give an example of a town that remained a mining town well into the 1900s

5. What do the student and professor agree that the student should do as part of her research? Click on 3 answers.

A. Try to find firsthand accounts of life in mining towns

B. Investigate in detail the events in a few specific towns

C. Consider the role of flooding in the decline of Bodie, California

D. Determine why most failed mining towns did not recover economically

E. Look at the history of mining towns in the context of the history of the United States as a whole

听力文本

Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student, and an American History professor.

Karen: Professor Farrington? I have a quick question. Uh- about something you said in class yesterday?

Professor: Sure, Karen.

Karen: You mentioned that um, about how Park City in Utah went from a Boom Town in the 1800s to a Ghost town, and then became prosperous again. I was - Well, that’s an interesting cycle, and well, maybe for my research paper, I…

Professor: Yeah, that might make a good topic! Since similar things happened in other mining towns.

Karen: So, comparing them might be interesting? Professor: Yup. Absolutely.

Karen: So what triggered the downward turn in Park City?

Professor: Well, in 1870, there were fewer than few hundred people living in the Park City Area. After silver was discovered there, the population grew very quickly! I think it reached about..10,000? By 1900s. But, soon after that, the silver that was close to the surface had all been mined. So they had to dig deeper and deeper. Which reduced the profit margin, not-not just because it’s time consuming, but going deeper led to problems of flooding. It’s time consuming and expensive to pump water out mud. So,that was the big thing! I think. I mean, there are other factors that contributed, too. Like, the recession and a stock market panic in 1907, if you do write about this, you have to get into that.

Karen: Okay! And it was… what, tourism that brought it back up again?

Professor: Basically, yes. The ski industry kind of stopped and started about the same time. In the 1920s. At first it was only a few folks hiking up to the top of the mountain and then skiing down, as the sport became popular, so did the mountains around Park City. By the 1960s, it was a major ski resort, with thousands of skiers.

Karen: And the same with the other abandoned mining towns? Professor: Well, some. But some became tourist attractions not because of skiing, but because people were interested in their history. Um, one old mining town in the middle of the Californian desert, it’s called Bodie. That’s now State park. It’s popular because the buildings have been preserved as they were in the 1940s.

Karen: Wow. So maybe I could choose a couple of towns that went through that whole cycle and talk about them in some depth, as a way of illustrating the general boom and bust phenomenon? Maybe find some firsthand accounts?

Professor: Well, for this, yes - it’d better to go into some depth about specific towns. Rather than talking about a lot of them in broad terms. And yeah! Definitely, give it a shot!But, you probably won’t be able to find many diaries or personal accounts. Not many people who lived in mining towns could read or write. Oh, and also, remember the impact of National Events.

Karen: Right. The local AND the national. Okay. Thanks!

10月28日

标题

1. Why does the woman go to see the professor?

A. To ask his opinion regarding a debate about the origins of the Berber people

B. To get feedback on a paper that she recently submitted

C. To propose an alternative topic for a paper she is working on

D. To clarify a point that the professor made in class

2. According to the woman, what error did she make in writing her original paper?

A. She did not follow the advice of the professor's graduate assistant.

B. She forgot to include information about the ancient Romans and Egyptians in the paper.

C. She began writing the paper before completing all the necessary research.

D. She did not provide citations for all the sources she used to write the paper.

3. How does the professor respond when the woman tells him that she wrote a new proposal?

A. He suggests that the woman's original proposal was stronger than the new proposal.

B. He indicates that he could have helped the woman find suitable material for her original proposal.

C. He expresses disappointment that he did not have an opportunity to suggest a new topic for the woman.

D. He suggests possible sources of information about the woman's new topic.

4. What topic is covered in the woman's new proposal?

A. The difference between civilizations that have writing and those that do not

B. The ways in which international organizations interact with contemporary African governments

C. The role of education in premodern Berber societies

D. The ways in which children in some modern-day nomadic communities are educated

5. What is the professor's opinion of the woman's new topic?

A. It is preferable to her original topic.

B. It meets the assignment's requirements.

C. It is too broad to be covered adequately.

D. It is not relevant to current events.

听力文本

Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student and her anthropology professor.

Student: You know the topic I submitted for my research proposal, the historical origins of the Berber people of North Africa? Well, I started writing and it just wasn’t working for me. I’m pretty much going nowhere with the research.

Professor: I’m sorry to hear that. It was such an original choice. What happened?

Student: Well, I found plenty of information about Berber’s society in present day North Africa. But even though the evidence points to Berber civilization probably dating back five thousand years, there’s no real scholarly consensus about their ancestry.

Professor: That’s true. We don’t have a consensus. Feelings about their origins range from parts of Europe to the Middle East. Part of the problem is that the Berber language wasn’t traditionally a written one so there aren’t any historical records written by the Berbers themselves that we can trace back to antiquity. As a result, it’s hard to find any direct evidence of their origin.

Student: Yeah. The ancient Egyptians and Romans mentioned them a bit. I thought it was great when the graduate assistant, Raymond, recommended this topic to me. But along with the opposing theories, the main thing is that I just don’t feel I will get enough material to base a paper on. Maybe I should have talked to you first, but I went ahead and wrote a totally new proposal. I hope that’s okay.

Professor: Yes, of course. But I wish we would’ve had this talk before you veered off into this new direction. You know, even though historians haven’t come to a consensus, we could’ve worked together and I’m sure you haven’t written a good paper acknowledging of course that disagreements about the Berber’s origin exist.

Student: Oh, okay.

Professor: And I also would have directed you to Anthro topics as a place to look.

Student: Anthro topics? It rings a bell.

Professor: I’m sure I mentioned it in class. It’s a good website for scholarly sources on anthropological classes. Check it out. Maybe you could come back to the Berbers for your second paper.

Student: Okay. I will think about it.

Professor: But in the meantime, you said you have something else? Student: Yes, it’s about nomadic populations and schooling in parts of Africa like how the whole issue of children attending school is being addressed in modern nomadic communities.

Professor: That’s certainly is a timely topic. In fact, I just read a recent study on this subject. African governments and international agencies are struggling to figure out how to deal with this issue.

Student: I’ve brought you a copy of the proposal and this time I went ahead and did some research first so I know the material is there. It’s not a historical topic. Is that a problem?

Professor: Well, the assignment was to write on an anthropological problem related to an African community. The topic doesn’t necessarily have to be historical.

白话 部门

{版本1}

1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement, school should require all students to have their own laptops. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Personally, I think students should be required to own laptops. To begin with, students might need to write papers, and they can find reference on the internet easily, cuz they can just type the key words in the search engine, and the next moment they know, the answer shows up on the screen, and they basically can find reference on every topic, like technology, history, and even psychology. Also, they need to use lots of software to finish some assignments and projects, so the use of computer is inevitable. For example, I am an economics major, and I need to use statistical software to analyze data, obviously, I cannot do that without the computer.

2. Some people prefer to write many short assignments for a semester, other prefer to write one or two long assignments for a semester. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

Personally, I prefer to write several short assignments instead of one or two long assignments. To begin with, I don't want to be overly stressed out when the big assignments are about to be due, long assignments are likely to be tough to deal with, actually, as the saying goes, "Don't put all of your eggs in one basket", by writing short assignments, I can spread the risk, also I will not be worn out, since short assignments are much easier to deal with. By doing assignment this way, I can avoid serious time conflict when other big projects are due at the same time together with the big assignments.

3. Some schools require students to finish a reading list during school breaks. Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of this requirement.

Well, finishing a reading list can help students to learn different ways to express themselves, you know usually the reading list includes the classics of all times, most of the books are authored by the greatest writers, who might use different rhetoric to voice their opinions. However, the required reading list might not be suitable for every kid since kids have their likes and dislikes when it comes to the topics of these books. If they find it boring and meaningless, they might not even read the books they like in the future.

4. University education is more important now than it was in the past.

Personally, I couldn’t agree more with this statement, advanced education is more important than before. University education provides students with the tools and skills that are essential for them to be successful in their future career. In today’s competitive job market, without a decent college education one cannot find a decent job. Additionally, college educations can help to develop morality and values to live a good life and build up character to seek the truth and I think these qualities are very important to have in order to be a mature person.

5. Which of the following do you think is the most effective way of studying?

A Studying alone B Working with others in a group C Tasking assignments

Well, I think it the best way to learn is through working with others in a group. I am the kind of person who find theory based subjects are hard to learn, like math, physics and chemistry and I need to discuss with my friends in order to concentrate on the subject. They might offer some incisive approach for me to understand the material better. Additionally, it also helps to learn other subject like sociology and psychology and stuff. cuz, through discussion we can share our personal experience to shed some light on the stuff we are learning, I might have some new perspective and insights on the some psychological concepts.

{版本2}

10月27日

1. Which of the following would you rather be: Lawyer, veterinarian or restaurant owner? Explain your answer in details.

2. How do you usually reward yourself after hard work?

3. Describe the change in your life five years from now on. Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.

4. When do you think is a good time for a person to learn a second language?

5. Your friend wants to drop out of university or college. Do you agree or disagree?

6. Which of the following do you think the school should invest to improve student life?

1) Technology 2) Sports facilities 3) Research

Please give specific reasons and details to support your idea.

7. Teachers may make mistakes, including those experienced teachers. Describe one of the mistakes teachers may commit.

8. Some students prefer to take a essay question where they must write an essay to a question. Other students prefer to take a test with objective questions. Which type of exam question do you prefer? Give reasons and examples in your explanation.

9. Describe a time when an impolite behavior in public annoyed you, and describe why you were annoyed.

10. When you earn a little extra money, is it better to spend your money or is it better to save your money for some time in the future?

10月28日

1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement and why? People don't need to memorize historical events or references because they can find such information from the Internet very easily nowadays.

2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It's impolite to make calls or send text messages on a diner table. Explain in details.

3. Some people prefer to plan what to do in their free time ahead of time, others prefer to not having such plans. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

4. Some people prefer a job which deals with the same tasks every day. Others prefer a job which deals with many different tasks. Which do you prefer and why?

5. Should children learn how to paint? Please give your opinion and explanation using specific examples and details.

6. Do you agree or disagree that students should be given one-year-long holiday before entering universities?

7. Do you agree or disagree that young children should leave home to stay with relatives and friends for a short period of time?

8. Do you agree or disagree that one of the best ways to learn about a country is to watch its TV shows?

9. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? It's easier to teach children in primary schools than students in universities. Include reasons and details in your explanation.

10. Some people prefer spend lots of money on vacation; some people prefer little money on trip. Which do you prefer?

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2018年10月27&28日托福猜测 机经

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